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The Ababda  & Bisharia the indigenous inhabitants
The home of the Ababda is the vast expanse of the Eastern Desert between the Red Sea and the Nile Valley, a region covering the land from Quseir  in the north down to the Halayeb & shalateen  the last destination in Red Sea Governorate, the Ababda have been nomads, wandering through the desert with their flocks of sheep and goats. They were always on the move, looking for water and food for their animals. They have no permanent settlements, they live in shoddily assembled wooden shelters which they simply leave behind when they move on, building new ones at the next place.
 In the past they made all the items for their everyday life themselves: pots and dishes and simple tools made of stone and wood, baskets woven from the roots of desert plants, harnesses and saddles for the camels. 
The women would gather herbs to cure illnesses and spin wool which they then wove into coarse fabrics with simple patterns to cover the walls of their shelters. As a result of their life in the desert the Ababda developed features which are common to all nomad people: indifference toward material things, hospitality, respect for nature, self-sufficiency and tribal solidarity. The Ababda are the main indigenous inhabitants of the PA. They are descendents of the Begga tribe, and are among the first peoples to inhabit the desert between the Red Sea and the Nile River. Since the 1st century of the Islamic Hijra, They entered Islam and merged with A rab tribes Ababda are divided into four tribal groups: ALGamiliaAL- Fokra'a- M ilkab,  Abodeen- Shanateer, and A I- A shabab.    The Ababda have their own traditions, habits,  and cultures that are different from other  Eastern Desert tribes. Grazing is the Prime  Profession; they shepherd camels, sheep, and Goats. They also collect plants for  food or trade. They are famous for their charcoal made from The trees of region. Hunting is not a main profession, but a clever hunter is Considered an important man. They use only a few hunting tools such as traps, stones, and trained. They are nomadic, seeking areas with recent rainfall and good pasture. their dwellings are small temporary structures called '' Khisha''. They use tree branches to build the house and cover the frame with cloth and wool. Houses are built on relatively high at the wadi edge to avoid sudden floods. Women build the houses, and each house is considered their private property. 
and as guards in the mines in the area.  At the mouth of the valley, there are two families working in fishing and tourism. In the Hamata area, especially on the coast at Mastora and Qulan, there are 20 families (AI- Okda, AI- Kamilab, A I- Nafi, and A l –Kergab ) working in fishing and tourism . there are few families ( kergab) in wadi Rada working in grazing and making charcoal next to Rada Well
الحجم : 2.26 ميجا الحجم : 0.98 ميجا الحجم : 19.8 ميجا
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